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A technological breakthrough of its time and one of the biggest human endeavour, Burj Khalifa has technologies working in harmony to set and break records. Often referred to as the one of the new wonders of modern times.
Why was it built?
Inaguarated in 2010, six years after its excavation, built to diversify as a tourist destination along with an oil producting country.
How was it named?
Known as Burj Dubai, renamed to honor the president of UAE and ruler of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al Nahyan on its third anniversary.
Plumbing system and cleaning
- It consumes 250,000 gallons of water everyday pulled through 100km of pipes. 213km of pipes serve as fire emergency system and 34km of pipes for chilled air for air-conditioning. Waste flows into municipal sewer system using gravity.
- Clean and cool air enters at the upper floors and pushed down to lower flowers through the pipes.
- The building has 12 machines of 13 tons each moving along tracks constructed outside the building. 36 cleaners board these machines to clean the 24,000 reflective windows of the tower.
- Concrete Pumping Technology
- Wall and Floor Technology
- Formwork Technology
- External Wall Technology
- Fire Protection Technology
- Wind Engineering Technology
- Uses 192 3.7m thick raft foundations
- consumes 360,00KW energy at peak time.
Architechture and structure
- Burj Khalifa resembles a desert flower – Hymenocalllis flower; the central core emerges at the top and culminates in a sculpted spire. The flower has long petals extending out from its center.
- Derived from Islamic Architecture
- Sturctured in Triaxial geometry with Y shaped floor plan which has both aesthetic as well as structural advantages
- Most of the floors are for residential purpose, with some floors as mechanical support and others for hotels, luxeries, views and swimming pools.
- The tower can accomodate 35000 people.
- There are 120 flights of stairs in Burj Khalifa, total of 2,909 steps leading up to the 160th floor.
- fastest double deck elevators
- The tower is spottable (without the use of binoculars!) till a range of about 95 kilometres!
Finances and commerce
- Total cost of building was 15 billion USD at that time.
- It took 22 million man hours to bring the Burj Khalifa to life of which four people dies while building it.
- The building itself is self-sustainable and does not generate much surplus.
- Classic build it and they will come model.
- Houses world's largest mall, the Dubai mall.
- one of the most photographed building worldwide
- You can watch sunset twice from Burj Khalifa.
- most visited tourist attraction in Dubai.
- Height of 829.8m (2,722 ft)
- 163 floors in total.
- 57 Elevators, 8 escalators
- Tallest skyscraper, existing building, ever.
- Tallest building ever existed
- Tallest LED illuminted facade
- tallest freestanding structure in the world, highest number of stories in the world, highest occupied floor in the world, highest outdoor observation deck in the world, elevator with longest travel distance in the world, and tallest service elevator in the world.
- The site was earlier a Military compound called “Central Military Command”.
- Tom Cruise climbed the structure for Mission Impossible: Ghost Protocol.
References and Further Readings
- Design and construction of the world’s tallest building: The Burj Dubai
- PESTLE/PESTEL Analysis of Dubai
- The Challenges in Designing the World's Tallest Structure The Burj Dubai Tower
- How Honeywell helped the Burj Khalifa become a smart building
- Burj Khalifa - Design & construction technologies
- Burj Khalifa
- Analysis Of The Burj Khalifa Tower Project